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Armies

The Bible

Bible Usage:

Dictionaries:

  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: Yes
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: Yes
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

Naves Topical Index
Armies

Who of the Israelites were subject to service in
Numbers 1:2-3; Numbers 26:2; 2 Chronicles 25:5

Who were exempt from service in
Numbers 1:47-50; Numbers 2:33; Deuteronomy 20:5-9; Judges 7:3

Enumeration of Israel's military forces
Numbers 1:2-3; Numbers 26:2; 1 Samuel 11:8; 2 Samuel 18:1-2; 2 Samuel 24:1-9; 1 Kings 20:15; 2 Chronicles 25:5

Levies for
Numbers 31:4; Judges 20:10

Compulsory service in
1 Samuel 14:52
Cowardice

How officered:

Commander-in-chief
1 Samuel 14:50; 2 Samuel 2:8; 2 Samuel 8:16; 2 Samuel 17:25; 2 Samuel 19:13; 2 Samuel 20:23

Generals of corps and divisions
Numbers 2:3-31; 1 Chronicles 27:1-22; 2 Chronicles 17:12-19

Captains of thousands
Numbers 31:14; Numbers 31:48; 1 Samuel 17:18; 1 Chronicles 28:1; 2 Chronicles 25:5

Captains of hundreds
Numbers 31:14; Numbers 31:48; 2 Kings 11:15; 1 Chronicles 28:1; 2 Chronicles 25:5

Captains of fifties
2 Kings 1:9; Isaiah 3:3
Cavalry; Chariot

Rendezvous of

Methods employed in effecting:

Sounding a trumpet
Numbers 10:9; Judges 3:27; Judges 6:34; 1 Samuel 13:3-4


Cutting oxen in pieces, and sending the pieces throughout Israel
1 Samuel 11:7


Refusal to obey the summons, instance of
Judges 21:5-11; Jude 1:20

Tactics:

Camp and march
Jude 4:2

March in ranks
Exodus 13:18; 1 Chronicles 12:33; Joel 2:7

Move, in attack, in three divisions
Judges 7:16; Judges 9:43; 1 Samuel 11:11; 1 Samuel 13:17-18; 2 Samuel 18:2; Job 1:17

Flanks called wings
Isaiah 8:8
Strategy in War

Orders delivered with trumpets
2 Samuel 2:28; 2 Samuel 18:16; 2 Samuel 20:1; 2 Samuel 20:22; Nehemiah 4:18; Nehemiah 4:20

Stratagems:

Ambushes:

At Ai
Joshua 8:2-22


At Shechem
Judges 9:25; Judges 9:34


At Gibeah
Judges 20:29-43


At Zemaraim
2 Chronicles 13:13


By Jehoshaphat
2 Chronicles 20:22


Reconnaissances:

Of Jericho
Joshua 2:1-24


Of Ai
Joshua 7:2-3


Of Beth-El
Judges 1:23-24


Of Laish
Judges 18:2-10


Night attacks
Genesis 14:15; Judges 7:16-22

Decoy
Joshua 8:4-22; Judges 20:29-43; Judges 16:6

Unusual winter campaign
2 Samuel 11:1; 1 Chronicles 20:1

Delay
2 Samuel 17:7-14

Celerity of action:

Abraham, in pursuit of Chedorlaomer
Genesis 14:14-15


Joshua, against the Amorites
Joshua 10:6; Joshua 10:9


The confederated kings
Joshua 11:7


David's attack upon the Philistines
2 Samuel 5:23-25


Forced marches
Isaiah 5:26-27

Sieges:

General references
Jeremiah 39:1


Of Jericho
Jeremiah 6:6


Of Samaria
2 Kings 6:24-33; 2 Kings 12:7


Of Jerusalem
2 Kings 25:1-3


Engines used
2 Chronicles 26:15; Jeremiah 6:6; Ezekiel 26:9

Fortifications
Judges 9:31; 2 Samuel 5:9; 2 Kings 25:1; 2 Chronicles 11:11; 2 Chronicles 26:9; Nehemiah 3:8; Nehemiah 4:2; Isaiah 22:10; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 29:3; Isaiah 32:14; Jeremiah 6:6; Jeremiah 32:24; Jeremiah 33:4; Jeremiah 51:53; Ezekiel 4:2; Ezekiel 17:17; Ezekiel 21:22; Ezekiel 26:8; Ezekiel 33:27; Daniel 11:15; Daniel 11:19; Nahum 2:1; Nahum 3:14

Standards
Numbers 2:2-3; Numbers 2:10; Numbers 2:17-18; Numbers 2:25; Numbers 2:31; Numbers 2:34; Numbers 10:14; Numbers 10:18; Numbers 10:22; Numbers 10:25

Uniforms of
Ezekiel 23:6; Ezekiel 23:12; Nahum 2:3

Standing armies
1 Samuel 13:2; 1 Samuel 13:27; 2 Chronicles 1:14; 2 Chronicles 17:12-19; 2 Chronicles 26:11-15

Religious ceremonies attending:

Seeking counsel from God before battle
Numbers 27:21; Judges 1:1; 1 Samuel 14:19; 1 Samuel 14:37-41; 1 Samuel 23:2-12; 1 Samuel 30:8; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19; 2 Samuel 5:23; 1 Kings 22:7-28; 2 Kings 3:11-19; 1 Chronicles 14:10; 1 Chronicles 14:14; Jeremiah 37:7-10

Sacrifices
1 Samuel 13:11-12

Purifications
Numbers 31:19-24

Prophets prophesy before
2 Chronicles 20:14-17

Holiness enjoined
Deuteronomy 23:9

Officers consecrate themselves to God
2 Chronicles 17:16

Army choir and songs
2 Chronicles 20:21-22

Ark taken to battle
Joshua 6:6-7; Joshua 6:13; 1 Samuel 4:4-11

Divine assistance to:

When Aaron and Hur held up Moses' hands
Exodus 17:11-12

In siege of Jericho
Exodus 6:6

Sun stands still
Joshua 10:11-14

Gideon's victory
Jude 1:7

Samaria's deliverances
Jude 11:20; Jude 12:7

Jehoshaphat's victories
Jude 12:3; Jude 14:20

Angel of the Lord smites the Assyrians
2 Kings 19:35

Determine royal succession
2 Samuel 2:8-10; 1 Kings 16:16; 2 Kings 11:4-12

Composed of insurgents
1 Samuel 22:1-2

Composed of mercenaries
2 Samuel 10:6; 1 Chronicles 19:6-7; 2 Chronicles 25:5-6

Confederated
Joshua 10:1-5; Joshua 11:1-5; Judges 1:3; 2 Samuel 10:6; 2 Samuel 10:15-16; 2 Samuel 10:19; 1 Kings 15:20; 1 Kings 22:1-4; 2 Kings 16:9; 2 Kings 18:19-21; 1 Chronicles 19:6-7; 2 Chronicles 16:2-9; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2 Chronicles 18:3; 2 Chronicles 20:1; 2 Chronicles 22:5; 2 Chronicles 28:16; 2 Chronicles 28:20; Psalms 83:1-12; Isaiah 7:1-9; Isaiah 8:9-12; Isaiah 54:15

Exhorted before battle
Deuteronomy 20:1-9

Battle shouts
Judges 7:18; 1 Samuel 17:20; 1 Samuel 17:52

Triumphs of, celebrated:

With songs
Jude 1:5; 1 Samuel 18:6-7

With music
2 Chronicles 20:28

With dancing
1 Samuel 18:6-7

Rewards for meritorious conduct:

The general offers his daughter in marriage
Joshua 15:16-17

King offers his daughter
1 Samuel 17:25; 1 Samuel 18:17-28

Promotion
2 Samuel 23:8-39; 1 Chronicles 11:6; 1 Chronicles 11:10-47

Share the spoils
Numbers 31:25-47

Children instructed in military arts
2 Samuel 1:18

Insubordination in, punished, Achan
2 Samuel 6:7

Check roll-call
1 Samuel 14:17; Numbers 31:48-49

Panics:

General references
Isaiah 30:17

Among the Midianites
Judges 7:21

Among the Philistines
1 Samuel 14:15-19

Among the Syrians
2 Kings 7:7-15

Soldiers destroy each other to escape captivity
1 Samuel 14:20; 1 Samuel 31:4-6

Champions fight instead of
1 Samuel 17:8-53; 2 Samuel 2:14-17; 2 Samuel 21:15-22

Confidence in, vain
Psalms 33:16; Psalms 44:6

Escort duty performed by
2 Kings 1:9; Acts 23:23-24; Acts 23:31-33

Roman army:

Captains
Acts 22:24-29

Centurions
Matthew 8:5; Matthew 8:8; Matthew 27:54; Luke 7:2; Luke 23:47; Acts 10:1; Acts 10:7; Acts 10:22; Acts 21:32; Acts 22:26; Acts 23:17; Acts 23:23; Acts 24:23; Acts 27:1; Acts 27:11; Acts 27:43; Acts 28:16

Divided into bands
Acts 10:1; Acts 27:1
Amalekites; Assyria; Babylon; Egyptians; Midianites; Persia; Syria; Commissary; Armor; Ambush; Cavalry; Fort; Garrison; Herald; Hostage; Navy; Reconnaissance; Siege; Soldiers; Spies; Standard; Strategy in War; Truce; War

Figurative
Deuteronomy 33:2; 2 Kings 6:17; Psalms 34:7; Psalms 68:17; Revelation 9:16


Easton's Bible Dictionary
Army

The Israelites marched out of Egypt in military order (Exodus 13:18, "harnessed;" marg., "five in a rank"). Each tribe formed a battalion, with its own banner and leader (Numbers 2:2; 10:14). In war the army was divided into thousands and hundreds under their several captains (Numbers 31:14), and also into families (Numbers 2:34; 2 Chronicles 25:5; 26:12). From the time of their entering the land of Canaan to the time of the kings, the Israelites made little progress in military affairs, although often engaged in warfare. The kings introduced the custom of maintaining a bodyguard (the Gibborim; i.e., "heroes"), and thus the nucleus of a standing army was formed. Saul had an army of 3,000 select warriors (1 Samuel 13:2; 14:52; 24:2). David also had a band of soldiers around him (1 Samuel 23:13; 25:13). To this band he afterwards added the Cherethites and the Pelethites (2 Samuel 15:18; 20:7). At first the army consisted only of infantry (1 Samuel 4:10; 15:4), as the use of horses was prohibited (Deuteronomy 17:16); but chariots and horses were afterwards added (2 Samuel 8:4; 1 Kings 10:26, 28, 29; 1 Kings 9:19). In 1 Kings 9:22 there is given a list of the various gradations of rank held by those who composed the army. The equipment and maintenance of the army were at the public expense (2 Samuel 17:28, 29; 1 Kings 4:27; 10:16, 17; Judges 20:10). At the Exodus the number of males above twenty years capable of bearing arms was 600,000 (Exodus 12:37). In David's time it mounted to the number of 1,300,000 (2 Samuel 24:9).


Smith's Bible Dictionary
Army

I. JEWISH ARMY.

Every man above 20 years of age was a soldier, (Numbers 1:3) each tribe formed a regiment, with its own banner and its own leader (Numbers 2:2; 10:14) their positions in the camp or on the march were accurately fixed, Numb. 2; the whole army started and stopped at a given signal, (Numbers 10:5,6) thus they came up out of Egypt ready for the fight. (Exodus 13:18) On the approach of an enemy a conscription was made from the general body, under the direction of a muster-master, (20:5; 2 Kings 25:19) by whom also the officers were appointed. (20:9) The army had then divided into thousands and hundreds under their respective captains, (Numbers 31:14) and still further into families. (Numbers 2:34; 2 Chronicles 25:5; 26:12) With the king arose the custom of maintaining a body-guard, which formed the nucleus of a standing army, and David's band of 600, (1 Samuel 23:13; 25:13) he retained after he became king, and added the CHERETHITES and PELETHITES. (2 Samuel 15:18; 20:7) David further organized a national militia, divided into twelve regiments under their respective officers, each of which was called out for one month in the year. (1 Chronicles 27:1) ... It does not appear that the system established by David was maintained by the kings of Judah; but in Isr'l the proximity of the hostile kingdom of Syria necessitated the maintenance of a standing army. The maintenance and equipment of the soldiers at the public expense dated from the establishment of a standing army. It is doubtful whether the soldier ever received pay even under the kings. II. ROMAN EMPIRE ARMY.

The Roman army was divided into legions, the number of which varied considerably (from 3000 to 6000), each under six tribuni ("chief captains,") (Acts 21:31) who commanded by turns. The legion was subdivided into ten cohorts ("band,") (Acts 10:1) the cohort into three maniples, and the maniple into two centuries, containing originally 100 men, as the name implies, but subsequently from 50 to 100 men, according to the strength of the legion. There were thus 60 centuries in a legion, each under the command of a centurion. (Acts 10:1,22; Matthew 8:5; 27:54) In addition to the legionary cohorts, independent cohorts of volunteers served under the Roman standards. One of these cohorts was named the Italian, (Acts 10:1) as consisting of volunteers from Italy. The headquarters of the Roman forces in Judea were at C'sarea.


Webster's 1828 Dictionary
Army

'ARMY, noun

1. A collection or body of men armed for war, and organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades and divisions, under proper officers. In general, an army in modern times consists of infantry and cavalry, with artillery; although the union of all is not essential to the constitution of an army Among savages, armies are differently formed.

2. A great number; a vast multitude; as an army of locusts or caterpillars. Joel 2:25.