- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
ELECT', verb transitive [Latin electus, from eligo; e or ex and lego; Gr. to choose.]
1. Properly, to pick out; to select from among two or more, that which is preferred. Hence,
2. To select or take for an office or employment; to choose from among a number; to select or manifest preference by vote or designation; as, to elect a representative by ballot or viva voce; to elect a president or governor.
3. In theology, to designate, choose or select as an object of mercy or favor.
4. To choose; to prefer; to determine in favor of.
ELECT', adjective Chosen, taken by preference from among two or more. Hence,
1. In theology, chosen as the object of mercy; chosen, selected or designated to eternal life; predestinated in the divine counsels.
2. Chosen, but no inaugurated, consecrated or invested with office; as bishop elect; emperor elect; governor or mayor elect But in the scriptures, and in theology, this word is generally used as a noun.
ELECT', noun One chosen or set apart; applied to Christ.
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect in whom my soul delighteth. Isaiah 42:1.
1. Chosen or designated by God to salvation; predestinated to glory as the end, and to sanctification as the means; usually with a plural signification, the elect
Shall not God avenge his own elect? Luke 18:7.
If it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect Matthew 24:24.
He shall send his angels--and they shall gather his elect from the four winds. Matthew 24:24.
2. Chosen; selected; set apart as a peculiar church and people; applied to the Israelites. Isaiah 45:4.
To whom the Second Epistle of John is addressed (2 John 1:1). Some think that the word rendered "lady" is a proper name, and thus that the expression should be "elect Kyria."
ELECT'ED, participle passive Chosen; preferred; designated to office by some act of the constituents, as by vote; chosen or predestinated to eternal life.
ELECT'ING, participle present tense Choosing; selecting from a number; preferring; designating to office by choice or preference; designating or predestinating to eternal salvation.
Of rulers, by lot
Of good angels
1 Timothy 5:21
ELEC'TION, noun [Latin electio.] The act of choosing; choice; the act of selecting one or more from others. Hence appropriately,
1. The act of choosing a person to fill an office or employment, by any manifestation of preference, as by ballot, uplifted hands or viva voce; as the election of a king, of a president, or a mayor.
Corruption in elections is the great enemy of freedom.
2. Choice; voluntary preference; free will; liberty to act or not. It is at his election to accept or refuse.
3. Power of choosing or selecting.
4. Discernment; discrimination; distinction.
To use men with much difference and election is good.
5. In theology, divine choice; predetermination of God, by which persons are distinguished as objects of mercy, become subjects of grace, are sanctified and prepared for heaven.
There is a remnant according to the election of grace.
6. The public choice of officers.
7. The day of a public choice of officers.
8. Those who are elected.
The election hath obtained it. Romans 11:5.
The Scripture speaks (1) of the election of individuals to office or to honour and privilege, e.g., Abraham, Jacob, Saul, David, Solomon, were all chosen by God for the positions they held; so also were the apostles. (2) There is also an election of nations to special privileges, e.g., the Hebrews (Deuteronomy 7:6; Romans 9:4). (3) But in addition there is an election of individuals to eternal life (2 Thessalonians 2:13; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:2; John 13:18).
It is not conditioned on faith or repentance, but is of soverign grace (Romans 11:4-6; Ephesians 1:3-6). All that pertain to salvation, the means (Ephesians 2:8; 2 Thessalonians 2:13) as well as the end, are of God (Acts 5:31; 2 Timothy 2:25; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 2:5, 10). Faith and repentance and all other graces are the exercises of a regenerated soul; and regeneration is God's work, a "new creature."
Men are elected "to salvation," "to the adoption of sons," "to be holy and without blame before him in love" (2 Thessalonians 2:13; Galatians 4:4, 5; Ephesians 1:4). The ultimate end of election is the praise of God's grace (Ephesians 1:6, 12). (See PREDESTINATION.)
ELECTIONEE'R, verb intransitive To make interest for a candidate at an election; to use arts for securing the election of a candidate.
ELECTIONEE'RING, participle present tense Using influence to procure the election of a person.
ELECTIONEE'RING, noun The arts or practices used for securing the choice of one to office.
ELECT'IVE, adjective Dependent on choice, as an elective monarchy, in which the king is raised to the throne by election; opposed to hereditary.
1. Bestowed or passing by election; as an office is elective
2. Pertaining to or consisting in choice or right of choosing; as elective franchise.
3. Exerting the power of choice; as an elective act.
4. Selecting for combination; as elective attraction, which is a tendency in bodies to unite with certain kinds of matter in preference to others.
ELECT'IVELY, adverb By choice; with preference of one to another.
ELECT'OR, noun One who elects, or one who has the right of choice; a person who has, by law or constitution, the right of voting for an officer, In free governments, the people or such of them as possess certain qualifications of age, character and property, are the electors of their representatives, etc., in parliament, assembly, or other legislative body. In the United States, certain persons are appointed or chosen to be electors of the president or chief magistrate. In Germany, certain princes were formerly electors of the emperor, and elector was one of their titles, as the elector of Saxony.
ELECT'ORAL, adjective Pertaining to election or electors. The electoral college in Germany consisted of all the electors of the empire, being nine in number, six secular princes and three archbishops.
ELECTORAL'ITY, for electorate, is not used.
ELECT'ORATE, noun The dignity of an elector in the German empire.
1. The territory of an elector in the German empire.
ELEC'TRE, noun [Latin electrum.] Amber. [Bacon used this word for a compound or mixed metal. But the word is not now used.]
ELECT'RESS, noun The wife or widow of an elector in the German empire.
ELEC'TRIC, noun Any body or substance capable of exhibiting electricity by means of friction or otherwise, and of resisting the passage of it from one body to another. Hence an electric is called a non-conductor, an electric per se. Such are amber, glass, rosin, wax, gum-lac, sulphur, etc.
ELEC'TRICALLY, adverb In the manner of electricity, or by means of it.
ELECTRI'CIAN, noun A person who studies electricity, and investigates its properties, by observation and experiments; one versed in the science of electricity.
ELECTRIC'ITY, noun The operations of a very subtil fluid, which appears to be diffused through most bodies, remarkable for the rapidity of its motion, and one of the most powerful agents in nature. The name is given to the operations of this fluid, and to the fluid itself. As it exists in bodies, it is denominated a property of those bodies, though it may be a distinct substance, invisible, intangible and imponderable. When an electric body is rubbed with a soft dry substance, as with woolen cloth, silk or fur, it attracts or repels light substances, at a greater or less distance, according to the strength of the electric virtue; and the friction may be continued, or increased, till the electric body will emit sparks or flashes resembling fire, accompanied with a sharp sound. When the electric fluid passes from cloud to cloud, from the clouds to the earth, or from the earth to the clouds, it is called lightning, and produces thunder. Bodies which, when rubbed, exhibit this property, are called electrics or non-conductors. Bodies, which, when excited, do not exhibit this property, as water and metals, are called non-electrics or conductors, as they readily convey electricity from one body to another, at any distance, and such is the rapidity of the electric fluid in motion, that no perceptible space of time is required for its passage to any known distance.
It is doubted by modern philosophers whether electricity is a fluid or material substance. electricity according to Professor Silliman, is a power which causes repulsion and attraction between the masses of bodies under its influence; a power which causes the heterogeneous particles of bodies to separate, thus producing chimical decomposition; one of the causes of magnetism.
ELEC'TRIC'TRICAL, adjective [Gr. amber.]
1. Containing electricity, or capable of exhibiting it when excited by friction; as an electric body, such as amber and glass;
an electric substance.
2. In general, pertaining to electricity; as electric power or virtue; electric attraction or repulsion; electric fluid.
3. Derived from or produced by electricity; as electrical effects; electric vapor; electric shock.
4. Communicating a shock like electricity; as the electric eel or fish.
ELEC'TRIFIABLE, adjective [from electrify.] Capable of receiving electricity, or of being charged with it; that may become electric.
1. Capable of receiving and transmitting the electrical fluid.
ELECTRIFICA'TION, noun The act of electrifying, or state of being charged with electricity.
ELEC'TRIFIED, participle present tense Charged with electricity.
ELEC'TRIFY, verb transitive To communicate electricity to; to charge with electricity.
1. To cause electricity to pass through; to affect by electricity; to give an electric shock to.
2. To excite suddenly; to give a sudden shock; as, the whole assembly was electrified.
ELECTRIFY, verb intransitive To become electric.
ELECTRIFYING, participle present tense Charging with electricity; affecting with electricity; giving a sudden shock.
ELECTRIZA'TION, noun The act of electrizing.
ELEC'TRIZE, verb transitive To electrify; a word in popular use.
ELECTRO-CHIM'ISTRY, noun That science which treats of the agency of electricity and galvanism in effecting chimical changes.
ELECTRO-MAGNET'IC, adjective Designating what pertains to magnetism, as connected with electricity, or affected by it. Electromagnetic phenomena.
ELECTRO-MAG'NETISM, noun That science which treats of the agency of
electricity and galvanism in communicating magnetic properties.
ELECTROM'ETER, noun [Latin electrum; Gr. amber, and to measure.]
An instrument for measuring the quantity or intensity of electricity, or its quality; or an instrument for discharging it from a jar.
ELECTROMET'RICAL, adjective Pertaining to an electrometer; made by an electrometer; as an electrometrical experiment.
ELECTRO-MO'TION, noun The motion of electricity or galvanism, or the passing of it from one metal to another, by the attraction or influence of one metal plate in contact with another.
ELECTRO-MO'TIVE, adjective Producing electro-motion; as electro-motive power.
ELEC'TROMOTOR, noun [electrum and motor.] A mover of the electric fluid; an instrument or apparatus so called.
ELEC'TRON, noun Amber; also, a mixture of gold with a fifth part of silver.
ELECTRO-NEG'ATIVE, adjective Repelled by bodies negatively electrified, and attracted by those positively electrified.
ELECTROPH'ORUS, noun [electrum, and to bear.] An instrument for preserving electricity a long time.
ELECTRO-POS'ITIVE, adjective Attracted by bodies negatively electrified, or by the negative pole of the galvanic arrangement.
ELEC'TRUM, noun [Latin amber.] In mineralogy, an argentiferous gold ore, or native alloy, of a pale brass yellow color.
ELEC'TUARY, noun [Low Latin electarium, electuarium; Gr. to lick.]
In pharmacy, a form of medicine composed of powders, or other ingredients, incorporated with some conserve, honey or syrup, and made into due consistence, to be taken in doses, like boluses.