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Man

The Bible

Bible Usage:

Dictionaries:

  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: Yes
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: Yes
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Man

1. Heb. Adam, used as the proper name of the first man. The name is derived from a word meaning "to be red," and thus the first man was called Adam because he was formed from the red earth. It is also the generic name of the human race (Genesis 1:26, 27; 5:2; 8:21; Deuteronomy 8:3). Its equivalents are the Latin homo and the Greek anthropos (Matthew 5:13, 16). It denotes also man in opposition to woman (Genesis 3:12; Matthew 19:10).

2. Heb. ish, like the Latin vir and Greek aner, denotes properly a man in opposition to a woman (1 Samuel 17:33; Matthew 14:21); a husband (Genesis 3:16; Hosea 2:16); man with reference to excellent mental qualities.

3. Heb. enosh, man as mortal, transient, perishable (2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 8:1; Job 15:14; Psalms 8:4; 9:19, 20; 103:15). It is applied to women (Joshua 8:25).

4. Heb. geber, man with reference to his strength, as distinguished from women (Deuteronomy 22:5) and from children (Exodus 12:37); a husband (Proverbs 6:34).

5. Heb. methim, men as mortal (Isaiah 41:14), and as opposed to women and children (Deuteronomy 3:6; Job 11:3; Isaiah 3:25).

Man was created by the immediate hand of God, and is generically different from all other creatures (Genesis 1:26, 27; 2:7). His complex nature is composed of two elements, two distinct substances, viz., body and soul (Genesis 2:7; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 2 Corinthians 5:1-8).

The words translated "spirit" and "soul," in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, Hebrews 4:12, are habitually used interchangeably (Matthew 10:28; 16:26; 1 Peter 1:22). The "spirit" (Gr. pneuma) is the soul as rational; the "soul" (Gr. psuche) is the same, considered as the animating and vital principle of the body.

Man was created in the likeness of God as to the perfection of his nature, in knowledge (Colossians 3:10), righteousness, and holiness (Ephesians 4:24), and as having dominion over all the inferior creatures (Genesis 1:28). He had in his original state God's law written on his heart, and had power to obey it, and yet was capable of disobeying, being left to the freedom of his own will. He was created with holy dispositions, prompting him to holy actions; but he was fallible, and did fall from his integrity (3:1-6). (See FALL.)


Naves Topical Index
Man

Created
Genesis 1:26-27; Genesis 2:7; Genesis 5:1-2; Deuteronomy 4:32; Job 4:17; Job 10:2-3; Job 10:8-9; Job 31:15; Job 33:4; Job 34:19; Job 35:10; Psalms 8:5; Psalms 100:3; Psalms 119:73; Psalms 138:8; Psalms 139:14; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Isaiah 17:7; Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 43:7; Isaiah 45:12; Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 27:5; Zech 12:1; Malachi 2:10; Mark 10:6; Hebrews 2:7

Created in the image of God
Genesis 1:26-27; Genesis 9:6; Ecclesiastes 7:29; 1 Corinthians 11:7; 1 Corinthians 15:48-49; James 3:9

Design of the creation of
Psalms 8:6-8; Proverbs 16:4; Isaiah 43:7

Dominion of
Genesis 1:26; Genesis 1:28; Genesis 2:19-20; Genesis 9:2-3; Jeremiah 27:6; Jeremiah 28:14; Daniel 2:38; Hebrews 2:7-8

Duty of man
Duty; Neighbor

Equality of man

General references
Job 31:13-15; Psalms 33:13-15; Proverbs 22:2; Matthew 20:25-28; Matthew 23:8; Matthew 23:11; Mark 10:42-44; Acts 10:28; Acts 17:26; Galatians 3:28
Race, 1. Human, Unity of

Ignorance of man
Ignorance

Immortal
Immortality

Insignificance of
Job 4:18-19; Job 15:14; Job 22:2-5; Job 25:4-6; Job 35:2-8; Job 38:4; Job 38:12-13; Psalms 8:3-4; Psalms 144:3-4

Little lower than the angels
Job 4:18-21; Psalms 8:5; Hebrews 2:7-8

Mortal

General references
Job 4:17; Ecclesiastes 2:14-15; Ecclesiastes 3:20; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22; Hebrews 9:27
Death

Spirit
Job 4:19; Job 32:8; Psalms 31:5; Proverbs 20:27; Ecclesiastes 1:8; Ecclesiastes 3:21; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 26:9; Zech 12:1; Matthew 4:4; Matthew 10:28; Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38; Luke 22:40; Luke 23:46; Luke 24:39; John 3:3-8; John 4:24; Acts 7:59; Romans 1:9; Romans 2:29; Romans 7:14-25; 1 Corinthians 2:11; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:34; 1 Corinthians 14:14; 2 Corinthians 4:6-7; 2 Corinthians 4:16; 2 Corinthians 5:1-9; Ephesians 3:16; Ephesians 4:4; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12; James 2:26

State of, after the fall
Depravity

State of, before the fall
Man, Created in the Image of God

Young men
Young Men


Smith's Bible Dictionary
Man

Four Hebrew terms are rendered "man" in the Authorized Version:

  1. Adam, the name of the man created in the image of God. It appears to be derived from adam , "he or it was red or ruddy," like Edom. This was the generic term for the human race.
  2. Ish , "man," as distinguished from woman, husband.
  3. Geber , "a man," from gabar , "to be strong," generally with reference to his strength.
  4. Methim , "men," always masculine. Perhaps it may be derived from the root muth , "he died."


Webster's 1828 Dictionary
Man

MAN, noun plural men. [Heb.species, kind, image, similitude.]

1. Mankind; the human race; the whole species of human beings; beings distinguished from all other animals by the powers of reason and speech, as well as by their shape and dignified aspect. 'Os homini sublime dedit.'

And God said, Let us make man in our image, , after our likeness, and let them have dominion--Genesis 1:26.

MAN that is born of a woman, is of few days and full of trouble. Job 14:1.

My spirit shall not always strive with man Genesis 6:3.

I will destroy man whom I have created. Genesis 6:3.

There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is common to man 1 Corinthians 10:13.

It is written, man shall not live by bread alone. Matthew 4:4.

There must be somewhere such a rank as man

Respecting man whatever wrong we call--

But vindicate the ways of God to man

The proper study of mankind is man

In the System of Nature, man is ranked as a distinct genus.

When opposed to woman, man sometimes denotes the male sex in general.

Woman has, in general, much stronger propensity than man to the discharge of parental duties.

2. A male individual of the human race, of adult growth or years.

The king is but a man as I am.

And the man dreams but what the boy believed.

3. A male of the human race; used often in compound words, or in the nature of an adjective; as a man-child; men-cooks; men-servants.

4. A servant, or an attendant of the male sex.

I and my man will presently go ride.

5. A word of familiar address.

We speak no treason, man

6. It sometimes bears the sense of a male adult of some uncommon qualifications; particularly, the sense of strength, vigor, bravery, virile powers, or magnanimity, as distinguished from the weakness, timidity or impotence of a boy, or from the narrow mindedness of low bred men.

I dare do all that may become a man

Will reckons he should not have been the man he is, had he not broke windows--

So in popular language, it is said, he is no man Play your part like a man He has not the spirit of a man

Thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 1 Samuel 17:8.

7. An individual of the human species.

In matters of equity between man and man--

Under this phraseology, females may be comprehended. So a law restraining man or every man from a particular act, comprehends women and children, if of competent age to be the subjects of law.

8. man is sometimes opposed to boy or child, and sometimes to beast.

9. One who is master of his mental powers, or who conducts himself with his usual judgment. When a person has lost his senses, or acts without his usual judgment, we say, he is not his own man

10. It is sometimes used indefinitely, without reference to a particular individual; any person; one. This is as much as a man can desire.

A man in an instant, may discover the assertion to be impossible.

This word however is always used in the singular number, referring to an individual. In this respect it does not answer to the French on, nor to the use of man by our Saxon ancestors. In Saxon, man ofsloh, signifies, they slew; man sette ut, they set or fitted out. So in German, man sagt, may be rendered, one ways, it is said, they say, or people say. So in Danish, man siger, one says, it is said, they say.

11. In popular usage, a husband.

Every wife ought to answer for her man

12. A movable piece at chess or draughts.

13. In feudal law, a vassal, a liege subject or tenant.

The vassal or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered and holding up his hands between those of his lord, professed that he did become his man from that day forth, of life, limb, and earthly honor.

MAN of war, a ship or war; an armed ship.