- Bible Reference: Genesis 44:8
- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: No
- Included in Thayers: No
- Included in BDB: No
SACK, noun [Latin saccus. Heb. See the verb to sack ]
1. A bag, usually a large cloth bag, used for holding and conveying corn, small wares, wool, cotton, hops, and the like. Genesis 42:25.
SACK of wool, in England, is 22 stone of 14lb. each, or 308 pounds. In Scotland, it is 24 stone of 16 pounds each, or 384 pounds.
A sack of cotton, contains usually about 300lb. but it may be from 150 to 400 pounds.
SACK of earth, in fortification, is a canvas bag filled with earth, used in making retrenchments in haste.
2. The measure of three bushels.
SACK, noun A species of sweet wine, brought chiefly from the Canary isles.
SACK, noun [Latin sagum, whence Gr. But the word is Celtic or Teutonic.]
Among our rude ancestors, a kind of cloak of a square form, worn over the shoulders and body, and fastened in from by a clasp or thorn. It was originally made of skin, afterwards of wool. In modern times, this name has been given to a woman's garment, a gown with loose plaits on the back; but no garment of this kind is now worn, and the word is in disuse. [See Varro, Strabo, Cluver, Bochart.]
SACK, verb transitive To put in a sac or in bags.
SACK, verb transitive [From comparing this word and sack a bag, in several languages, it appears that they are both from one root, and that the primary sense is to strain, pull, draw; hence sack a bag, is a tie, that which is tied or drawn together; and sack to pillage, is to pull, to strip, that is, to take away by violence.]
To plunder or pillage, as a town or city. Rome was twice taken and sacked in the reign of one pope. This word is never, I believe, applied to the robbing of persons, or pillaging of single houses, but to the pillaging of towns and cities; and as towns are usually or often sacked, when taken by assault, the word may sometimes include the sense of taking by storm.
The Romans lay under the apprehension of seeing their city sacked by a barbarous enemy.
SACK, noun The pillage or plunder of a town or city; or the storm and plunder of a town; as the sack of Troy.
SACK'AGE, noun The act of taking by storm and pillaging.
(Chald. sabkha; Gr. sambuke), a Syrian stringed instrument resembling a harp (Daniel 3:5, 7, 10, 15); not the modern sackbut, which is a wind instrument.
A stringed instrument of music.
Daniel 3:5; Daniel 3:7; Daniel 3:10; Daniel 3:15
Music, Instruments of
(Daniel 3:5,7,10,15) the rendering in the Authorized Version of the Chaldee sacbbeca . If this music instrument be the same as the Greek and Latin sabbeca , the English translation is entirely wrong. The sackbut was a wind instrument [MUSIC]; the sambuca was a triangular instrument, with strings, and played with the hand.
SACK'BUT, noun [The last syllable is the Latin buxus.]
A wind instrument of music; a kind of trumpet, so contrived that it can be lengthened or shortened according to the tone required.
Cloth made of black goats' hair, coarse, rough, and thick, used for sacks, and also worn by mourners (Genesis 37:34; 42:25; 2 Samuel 3:31; Esther 4:1, 2; Psalms 30:11, etc.), and as a sign of repentance (Matthew 11:21). It was put upon animals by the people of Nineveh (Jonah 3:8).
A symbol of mourning
1 Kings 20:31-32; Job 16:15; Isaiah 15:3; Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jeremiah 49:3; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 7:18; Daniel 9:3; Joel 1:8
Worn by Jacob when it was reported to him that Joseph had been devoured by wild beasts
Animals covered with, at time of national mourning
cloth used in making sacks or bags, a coarse fabric, of a dark color, made of goat's hair, (Isaiah 50:3; Revelation 6:12) end resembling the eilicium of the Romans. It, was used also for making the rough garments used by mourners, which were in extreme cases worn next the skin. (1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 6:30; Job 16:15; Isaiah 32:11)
SACK'CLOTH, noun [sack and cloth.] Cloth of which sacks are made; coarse cloth. This word is chiefly used in Scripture to denote a cloth or garment worn in mourning, distress or mortification.
Gird you with sackcloth and mourn before Abner. 2 Samuel 3:31.
SACK'CLOTHED, adjective Clothed in sackcloth.
SACK'ED, participle passive Pillaged; stormed and plundered.
SACK'ER, noun One that takes a town or plunders it.
SACK'FUL, noun A full sack or bag.
SACK'ING, participle present tense Taking by assault and plundering or pillaging.
SACK'ING, noun The act of taking by storm and pillaging.
1. Cloth of which sacks or bags are made.
2. The coarse cloth or canvas fastened to a bedstead for supporting the bed.
Quiet; peaceable; not quarrelsome; harmless; innocent. [Local.]
SACK-POS'SET, noun [sack and posset.] A posset made of sack, milk and some other ingredients.