The Bible

Bible Usage:


  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: No
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: No
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:


Easton's Bible Dictionary


1. The original name of the son of Nun, afterwards called Joshua (Numbers 13:8, 16; Deuteronomy 32:44).

2. 1 Chronicles 27:20. The ruler of Ephraim in David's time.

3. The last king of Israel. He conspired against and slew his predecessor, Pekah (Isaiah 7:16), but did not ascend the throne till after an interregnum of warfare of eight years (2 Kings 17:1, 2). Soon after this he submitted to Shalmaneser, the Assyrian king, who a second time invaded the land to punish Hoshea, because of his withholding tribute which he had promised to pay. A second revolt brought back the Assyrian king Sargon, who besieged Samaria, and carried the ten tribes away beyond the Euphrates, B.C. 720 (2 Kings 17:5, 6; 18:9-12). No more is heard of Hoshea. He disappeared like "foam upon the water" (Hosea 10:7; Hosea 13:11).

Naves Topical Index

1. Called also Oshea, the original name of Joshua
Numbers 13:8; Numbers 13:16; Deuteronomy 32:44

2. A chief of Ephraim
1 Chronicles 27:20

3. King of Israel:

Assassinates Pekah and usurps the throne
2 Kings 15:30

Evil reign of
2 Kings 17:1-2

Becomes subject to Assyria
2 Kings 17:3

Conspires against Assyria and is imprisoned
2 Kings 17:4

Last king of Israel
2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:9-12; Hosea 10:3; Hosea 10:7

4. A Jewish exile
Nehemiah 10:23

Smith's Bible Dictionary


  1. The nineteenth, last and best king of Isr'l. He succeeded Pekah, whom he slew in a successful conspiracy, thereby fulfilling a prophecy of Isaiah. (Isaiah 7:16) In the third year of his reign (B.C. 726) Shalmaneser cruelly stormed the strong caves of Beth-arbel, (Hosea 8:14) and made cruel tributary, (2 Kings 17:3) for three years. At the end of this period Hoshea entered into a secret alliance with So, king, of Egypt, to throw off the Assyrian yoke. The alliance did him no good; it was revealed, to the court of Nineveh by the Assyrian party in Ephraim, and Hoshea was immediately seized as a rebellious vasal, shut up in prison, and apparently treated with the utmost indignity. (Micah 5:1) Of the subsequent fortunes of Hoshea nothing is known.
  2. The son of Nun, i.e. Joshua, (32:44) and also in Numbers 13:8 Though to there the Authorized Version has OSHEA.
  3. Shon of Azaziah, (1 Chronicles 27:20) like his great namesake, a man of Ephraim, ruler of his tribe in the time of King David. (B.C. 1019.)
  4. One of the heads of the people who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah. (Nehemiah 10:23) (B.C. 410.)