The Bible

Bible Usage:


  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: Yes
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: No
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:


Easton's Bible Dictionary

(Heb. malmad, only in Judges 3:31), an instrument used by ploughmen for guiding their oxen. Shamgar slew six hundred Philistines with an ox-goad. "The goad is a formidable weapon. It is sometimes ten feet long, and has a sharp point. We could now see that the feat of Shamgar was not so very wonderful as some have been accustomed to think."

In 1 Samuel 13:21, a different Hebrew word is used, dorban, meaning something pointed. The expression (Acts 9:5, omitted in the R.V.), "It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks", i.e., against the goad, was proverbial for unavailing resistance to superior power.

Naves Topical Index

An instrument of torture
1 Samuel 13:21

Six hundred men slain with, by Shamgar, a judge of Israel
Judges 3:31

Figurative, of mental incentive
Ecclesiastes 12:11

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Judges 3:31; 1 Samuel 13:21) The Hebrew word in the latter passage probably means the point of the plough-share . The former word does probably refer to the goad, the long handle of which might be used as a formidable weapon. The instrument, as still used in countries of southern Europe and western Asia, consists of a rod about eight feet long, brought to a sharp point and sometimes cased with iron at the head.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

GOAD,noun A pointed instrument used to stimulate a beast to move faster.

GOAD, verb transitive To prick; to drive with a goad

1. To incite; to stimulate; to instigate; to urge forward, or to rouse by any thing pungent, severe, irritating or inflaming. He was goaded by sarcastic remarks or by abuse; goaded by desire or other passion.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

GOADED, participle passive Pricked; pushed on by a goad; instigated.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

GOADING, participle present tense Pricking; driving with a goad; inciting; urging on; rousing.