- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
PAIN, noun [Latin paena; Gr. penalty, and pain labor.]
1. An uneasy sensation in animal bodies, of any degree from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from pressure, tension or spasm, separation of parts by violence, or any derangement of functions. Thus violent pressure or stretching of a limb gives pain; inflammation produces pain; wounds, bruises and incisions give pain
2. Labor; work; toil; laborious effort. In this sense, the plural only is used; as, to take pains; to be at the pains.
High without taking pains to rise.
The same with pains we gain, but lose with ease.
3. Labor; toilsome effort; task; in the singular. [Not now used.]
4. Uneasiness of mind; disquietude; anxiety; solicitude for the future; grief, sorrow for the past. We suffer pain when we fear or expect evil; we feel pain at the loss of friends or property.
5. The throws or distress of travail or childbirth.
She bowed herself and travailed, for her pains came upon her. 1 Samuel 4:19.
6. Penalty; punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for a crime, or annexed to the commission of a crime.
None shall presume to fly under pain of death.
Interpose, on pain of my displeasure.
PAIN, verb transitive
1. To make uneasy or to disquiet; to cause uneasy sensations in the body, of any degree of intensity; to make simply uneasy, or to distress, to torment. The pressure of fetters may pain a limb; the rack pains the body.
2. To afflict; to render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress. We are pained at the death of a friend; grief pains the heart; we are often pained with fear or solicitude.
I am pained at my very heart. Jeremiah 4:19.
3. Reciprocally, to pain one's self, to labor; to make toilsome efforts. [Little used.]
PA'INFUL, adjective Giving pain, uneasiness or distress to the body; as a painful operation in surgery.
1. Giving pain to the mind; afflictive; disquieting; distressing.
Evils have been more painful to us in the prospect, than in the actual pressure.
2. Full of pain; producing misery or affliction.
3. Requiring labor or toil; difficult; executed with laborious effort; as a painful service. The army had a painful march.
4. Laborious; exercising labor; undergoing toil; industrious.
Nor must the painful husbandman be tired.
PA'INFULLY, adverb With suffering of body; with affliction, uneasiness or distress of mind.
1. Laboriously; with toil; with laborious effort or diligence.
PA'INFULNESS, noun Uneasiness or distress of body.
1. Affliction; sorrow; grief; disquietude or distress of mind.
2. Laborious effort or diligence; toil.
PA'INIM, noun A pagan. [Not used.]
PA'INIM, adjective Pagan; infidel. [Not used.]
PA'INLESS, adjective Free from pain.
1. Free from trouble.
PA'INSTAKER, noun A laborious person.
PA'INSTAKING, adjective Laborious; industrious.
PA'INSTAKING, noun Labor; great industry.
Jezebel "painted her face" (2 Kings 9:30); and the practice of painting the face and the eyes seems to have been common (Jeremiah 4:30; Ezekiel 23:40). An allusion to this practice is found in the name of Job's daughter (42:14) Kerenhappuch (q.v.). Paintings in the modern sense of the word were unknown to the ancient Jews.
(as a cosmetic). The use of cosmetic dyes has prevailed in all ages in eastern countries. We have abundant evidence of the practice of painting the eyes both in ancient Egypt and in Assyria; and in modern times no usage is more general. It does not appear, however, to have been by any means universal among the Hebrews. The notices of it are few; and in each instance it seems to have been used as a meretricious art, unworthy of a woman of high character. The Bible gives no indication of the substance out of which the dye was formed. The old versions agree in pronouncing the dye to have been produced from antimony. Antimony is still used for the purpose in Arabia and in Persia, but in Egypt the kohl is a root produced by burning either a kind of frankincense or the shells of almonds. The dye-stuff was moistened with oil and kept in a small jar. Whether the custom of staining the hands and feet, particularly the nails, now so prevalent in the past, was known to the Hebrews is doubtful. Painting as an art was not cultivated by the Hebrews, but they decorated their buildings with paint.
PA'INT, verb transitive [Latin pingo, pictus.]
1. To form a figure or likeness in colors; as, to paint a hero or a landscape.
2. To cover or besmear with color or colors, either with or without figures; as, to paint a cloth; to paint a house.
3. To represent by colors or images; to exhibit in form.
When folly romantic, we must paint it.
4. To represent or exhibit to the mind; to present in form or likeness to the intellectual view; to describe.
--The word is too good to paint out her wickedness.
5. To color; to diversify with colors.
6. To lay on artificial color for ornament.
Jezebel painted her face and tired her head. 2 Kings 9:30.
PAINT, verb intransitive To lay colors on the face. It is said the ladies in France paint
1. To practice painting. The artist paints well.
PAINT, noun A coloring substance; a substance used in painting; either simple or compound; as a white paint or red paint
1. Color laid on canvas or other material; color representing any thing.
2. Color laid on the face; rouge.
PA'INTED, participle passive Colored; rubbed over with paint; as a painted house or cloth.
1. Represented in form by colors.
PA'INTER, noun One whose occupation is to paint; one skilled in representing things in colors.
PA'INTER, noun A rope used to fasten a boat to a ship or other object.
PA'INTING, participle present tense Representing in colors; laying on colors.
PA'INTING, noun The art of forming figures or resembling objects in colors on canvas or other material, or the art of representing to the eye by means of figures and colors, any object of sight, and sometimes the emotions of the mind.
1. A picture; a likeness or resemblance in colors.
2. Colors laid on.
PA'INTURE, noun The art of painting.