The Bible

Bible Usage:


  • Included in Eastons: No
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: No
  • Included in Smiths: No
  • Included in Websters: Yes
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: Yes
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASS, verb intransitive [Eng. pat, and as a noun, a pass a defile, an ambling, pace; passen, to be fit, to suit; Latin patior, whence passion, to suffer, and peto, competo, in the sense of fit; Gr. to walk or step, to suffer; The word pass coincides with Latin passus, a step, and this is from pando, Latin passus, a step, and this is from pando, to extend; n being casual, the original word was pado.

1. To move, in almost any manner; to go; to proceed from one place to another. A man may pass on foot, on horseback or in a carriage; a bird and a meteor pass through the air; a ship passes on or through the water; light passes from the sun to the planets; it passes from the sun to the earth in about eight minutes.

2. To move from one state to another; to alter or change, or to be changed in condition; as, to pass from health to sickness; to pass from just to unjust.

3. To vanish; to disappear; to be lost. In this sense, we usually say, to pass away.

Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass

4. To be spent; to go on or away progressively.

The time when the thing existed, is the idea of that space of duration which passed between some fixed period and the being of that thing.

5. To die; to depart from life. [Little used.]

6. To be in any state; to undergo; with under; as, to pass under the rod.

7. To be enacted; to receive the sanction of a legislative house or body by a majority of votes.

Neither of these bills has yet passed the house of commons.

8. To be current; to gain reception or to be generally received. Bank bills pass as a substitute for coin.

False eloquence passeth only where true is not understood.

9. To be regarded; to be received in opinion or estimation.

This will not pass for a fault in him, till it is proved to be one in us.

10. To occur; to be present; to take place; as, to notice what passes in the mind.

11. To be done.

Provided no indirect act pass upon our prayers to defile them.

12. To determine; to give judgment or sentence.

Though well we may not pass upon his life.

13. To thrust; to make a push in fencing or fighting.

14. To omit; to suffer to go unheeded or neglected. We saw the act, but let it pass

15. To move through any duct or opening; as, substances in the stomach that will not pass not be converted into ailment.

16. To percolate; to be secreted; as juices that pass from the glands into the mouth.

17. To be in a tolerable state.

A middling sort of man was left well enough by his father to pass but he could never think he had enough, so long as any had more.

18. To be transferred from one owner to another. The land article passed by livery and seizin.

19. To go beyond bounds. For this we generally use surpass.

20. To run or extend; as a line or other thing. The north limit of Massachusetts passes three miles north of the Merrimac.

To come to pass to happen; to arrive; to come; to be; to exist; a phrase much used in the Scriptures.

To pass away, to move from sight; to vanish.

1. To be spent; to be lost.

A good part of their lives passes away without thinking.

To pass by, to move near and beyond. He passed by as we stood in the road.

To pass on, to proceed.

To pass over, to go or move from side to side; to cross; as, to pass over to the other side.

To pass into, to unite and blend, as two substances or colors, in such a manner that it is impossible to tell where one ends and the other begins.

P'ASS, verb transitive To go beyond. The sun has passed the age of frivolousness.

1. To go through or over; as, to pass a river.

2. To spend; to live through; as, to pass time; to pass the night in revelry, and the day in sleep.

3. To cause to move; to send; as, to pass the bottle from one guest to another; to pass a pauper from one town to another; to pass a rope round a yard; to pass the blood from the right to the left ventricle of the heart.

4. To cause to move hastily.

I had only time to pass my eye over the medals, which are in great number.

5. To transfer from one owner to another; to sell or assign; as, to pass land from A to B by deed; to pass a note or bill.

6. To strain; to cause to percolate; as, to pass wine through a filter.

7. To utter; to pronounce; as, to pass compliments; to pass sentence or judgment; to pass censure on another's works.

8. To procure or cause to go.

Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge.

9. To put an end to.

This night

We'll pass the business privately and well.

10. To omit; to neglect either to do or to mention.

I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array.

11. To transcend; to transgress or go beyond; as, to pass the bounds of moderation.

12. To admit; to allow; to approve and receive as valid or just; as, to pass an account at the war-office.

13. To approve or sanction by a constitutional or legal majority of votes; as, the house of representatives passed the bill. Hence,

14. To enact; to carry through all the forms necessary to give validity; as, the legislature passed the bill into a law.

15. To impose fraudulently; as, she passed the child on her husband for a boy.

16. To practice artfully; to cause to succeed; as, to pass a trick on one.

17. To surpass; to excel; to exceed.

18. To thrust; to make a push in fencing.

To see thee fight, to see thee pass thy puncto.

To pass away, to spend; to waste; as, to pass away the flower of like in idleness.

To pass by, to pass near and beyond.

1. To overlook; to excuse; to forgive; not to censure or punish; as, to pass by a crime or fault.

2. To neglect; to disregard.

Certain passages of Scripture we cannot pass by without injury to truth.

To pass over, to move from side to side; to cross; as, to pass over a river or mountain.

1. To omit; to overlook or disregard. He passed over one charge without a reply.

P'ASS, noun A narrow passage, entrance or avenue; a narrow or difficult place of entrance and exit; as a pass between mountains.

1. A passage; a road.

2. Permission to pass to go or to come; a license to pass; a passport.

A gentleman had a pass to go beyond the seas.

A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy.

3. An order for sending vagrants or impotent persons to their place of abode.

4. In fencing and fighting, a thrust; a push; attempt to stab or strike; as , to make a pass at an antagonist.

5. State; condition or extreme case; extremity.

To what a pass are our minds brought.

Matters have been brought to this pass--

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSABLE, adjective That may be passed, traveled or navigated. The roads are not passable The stream is passable in boats.

1. That may be penetrated; as a substance passable by a fluid.

2. Current; receivable; that may be or is transferred from hand to hand; as bills passable in lieu of coin. False coin is not passable

3. Popular; well received.

4. Supportable. [This should be passible.]

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSABLY, adverb Tolerably. [See Passible.]

Webster's 1828 Dictionary


PASSA'DO, noun A push or thrust.

PASSA'DE, noun In the menage, a turn or course of a horse backwards or forwards on the same spot of ground.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Denotes in Joshua 22:11, as is generally understood, the place where the children of Israel passed over Jordan. The words "the passage of" are, however, more correctly rendered "by the side of," or "at the other side of," thus designating the position of the great altar erected by the eastern tribes on their return home. This word also designates the fords of the Jordan to the south of the Sea of Galilee (Judges 12:5, 6), and a pass or rocky defile (1 Samuel 13:23; 14:4). "Passages" in Jeremiah 22:20 is in the Revised Version more correctly "Abarim" (q.v.), a proper name.

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Used in the plural, (Jeremiah 22:20) probably to denote the mountain region of Abarim on the east side of Jordan. It also denotes a river ford or mountain gorge or pass.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSAGE, noun

1. The act of passing or moving by land or water, or through the air or other substance; as the passage of a man or a carriage; the passage of a ship or a fowl; the passage of light or a meteor; the passage of fluids through the pores of the body, or from the glands. Clouds intercept the passage of solar rays.

2. The time of passing from one place to another. What passage had you? We had a passage of twenty five days to Havre de Grace, and of thirty eight days from England.

3. Road; way; avenue; a place where men or things may pass or be conveyed.

And with his pointed dart,

Explores the nearest passage to this heart.

4. Entrance or exit.

What! are my doors opposed against my passage?

5. Right of passing; as, to engage a passage on board a ship bound to India.

6. Occurrence; event; incident; that which happens; as a remarkable passage in the life of Newton. [See the Spanish verb, supra. This sense is obsolescent.]

7. A passing away; decay. [Little used.]

8. Intellectual admittance; mental reception.

Among whom I expect this treatise will have a fairer passage than among those deeply imbued with other principles.

9. Manner of being conducted; management.

On consideration of the conduct and passage of affairs in former times--

10. Part of a book or writing; a single clause, place or part of indefinite extent.

How commentators each dark passage shun.

11. Enactment; the act of carrying through all the regular forms necessary to give validity; as the passage of a law, or of a bill into a law, by a legislative body.

Bird of passage a fowl that passes at certain seasons from one climate to another, as in autumn to the south to avoid the winter's cold, and in spring to the north for breeding. Hence the phrase is sometimes applied to a man who has no fixed residence.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSAGER, noun A traveler or voyager; one who passes or journeys on foot, in a vehicle, or in a ship or boat. This word is usually written corruptly passenger, and the first vowel is often short.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary


P'ASSENGER, noun One who is traveling, as in a public coach, or in a ship, or on foot. This is the usual, though corrupt orthography.

Passenger falcon, a kind of migratory hawk.

Naves Topical Index

See Commerce

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSER, noun One that passes; a passenger.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSERINE, adjective [Latin passer, a sparrow.] Pertaining to sparrows, or to the order of birds to which sparrows belong, the Passeres.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PASSIBIL'ITY, noun The quality or capacity of receiving impressions from external agents; aptness to feel or suffer.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIBLE, adjective Susceptible of feeling or of impressions from external agents.

Apollinarius held even Deity to be passible

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PASSIBLENESS, the same as passibility.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSING, participle present tense Moving; proceeding.

1. adjective Exceeding; surpassing; eminent.

2. Adverbially used to enforce or enhance the meaning of another word; exceedingly; as passing fair; passing strange.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSING-BELL, noun The bell that rings at the hour of death to obtain prayers for the passing soul. It is also used for the bell that rings immediately after death.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSINGLY, adverb Exceedingly.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSING-NOTE, noun In music, a note introduced between two others for the purpose of softening a distance or melodizing a passage.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

Only once found, in Acts 1:3, meaning suffering, referring to the sufferings of our Lord.

Naves Topical Index

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SION, noun [Latin passio, from patior, to suffer.]

1. The impression or effect of an external agent upon a body; that which is suffered or received.

A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and when set in motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it.

2. Susceptibility of impressions from external agents.

The differences of moldable and not moldable, etc., and many other passions of matter, are plebeian notions. [Little used.]

3. Suffering; emphatically, the last suffering of the Savior.

To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs. Acts 1:3.

4. The feeling of the mind, or the sensible effect of impression; excitement, perturbation or agitation of mind; as desire, fear, hope, joy, grief, love, hatred. The eloquence of the orator is employed to move the passions.

5. Violent agitation or excitement of mind, particularly such as is occasioned by an offense, injury or insult; hence, violent anger.

6. Zeal; ardor; vehement desire.

When statesmen are ruled by faction and interest, they can have no passion for the glory of their country.

7. Love.

He owned his passion for Amestris.

8. Eager desire; as a violent passion for fine clothes.

PAS'SION, verb intransitive To be extremely agitated. [Not used.]

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONARY, noun A book in which are described the sufferings of saints and martyrs.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONATE, adjective

1. Easily moved to anger; easily excited or agitated by injury or insult; applied to persons.

Homer's Achilles is haughty and passionate

2. Highly excited; vehement; warm; applied to things; as passionate affection; passionate desire; passionate concern.

3. Expressing strong emotion; animated; as passionate eloquence.

PAS'SIONATE, verb transitive To affect with passion; to express passionately. [Not used.]

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONATELY, adverb With passion; with strong feeling; ardently; vehemently; as, to covet any thing passionately; to be passionately fond.

1. Angrily; with vehement resentment; as, to speak passionately

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONATENESS, noun State of being subject to passion or anger.

1. Vehemence of mind.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONED, adjective Disordered; violently affected.

1. Expressing passion.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SION-FLOWER, noun A flower and plant of the genus Passiflora.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SIONLESS, adjective Not easily excited to anger; of a calm temper.

1. Void of passion.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SION-WEEK, noun The week immediately preceding the festival of Easter; so called because in that week our Savior's passion and death took place.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSIVE, adjective [Latin passivus, from passus, patior, to suffer.]

1. Suffering; not acting, receiving or capable of receiving impressions from external agents. We were passive spectators, not actors in the scene.

The mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas.

God is not in any respect passive

2. Unresisting; not opposing; receiving or suffering without resistance; as passive obedience; passive submission to the laws.

Passive verb, in grammar, is a verb which expresses passion, or the effect of an action of some agent; as in Latin doceor, I am taught; in English, she is loved and admired by her friends; he is assailed by slander.

Passive obedience, as used by writers on government, denotes not only quiet unresting submission to power, but implies the denial of the right of resistance, or the recognition of the duty to submit in all cases to the existing government.

Passive prayer, among mystic divines, is suspension of the activity of the soul or intellectual faculties, the soul remaining quiet and yielding only to the impulses of grace.

Passive commerce, trade in which the productions of a country are carried by foreigners in their own bottoms. [See Active commerce.]

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSIVELY, adverb With a passive nature or temper; with a temper disposed to submit to the acts of external agents, without resistance.

1. Without agency.

2. According to the form of the passive verb.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSIVENESS, noun Quality of receiving impressions from external agents or causes; as the passiveness of matter.

1. Passibility; capacity of suffering.

We shall lose our passiveness with our being.

2. Patience; calmness; unresisting submission.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PASSIV'ITY, noun Passiveness, which see. [Little used.]

1. The tendency of a body to persevere in a given state, either of motion or rest, till disturbed by another body.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSLESS, adjective Having no passage.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

The name given to the chief of the three great historical annual festivals of the Jews. It was kept in remembrance of the Lord's passing over the houses of the Israelites (Exodus 12:13) when the first born of all the Egyptians were destroyed. It is called also the "feast of unleavened bread" (Exodus 23:15; Mark 14:1; Acts 12:3), because during its celebration no leavened bread was to be eaten or even kept in the household (Exodus 12:15). The word afterwards came to denote the lamb that was slain at the feast (Mark 14:12-14; 1 Corinthians 5:7).

A detailed account of the institution of this feast is given in Exodus 12 and 13. It was afterwards incorporated in the ceremonial law (Leviticus 23:4-8) as one of the great festivals of the nation. In after times many changes seem to have taken place as to the mode of its celebration as compared with its first celebration (comp. Deuteronomy 16:2, 5, 6; 2 Chronicles 30:16; Leviticus 23:10-14; Numbers 9:10, 11; 28:16-24). Again, the use of wine (Luke 22:17, 20), of sauce with the bitter herbs (John 13:26), and the service of praise were introduced.

There is recorded only one celebration of this feast between the Exodus and the entrance into Canaan, namely, that mentioned in Numbers 9:5. (See JOSIAH.) It was primarily a commemorative ordinance, reminding the children of Israel of their deliverance out of Egypt; but it was, no doubt, also a type of the great deliverance wrought by the Messiah for all his people from the doom of death on account of sin, and from the bondage of sin itself, a worse than Egyptian bondage (1 Corinthians 5:7; John 1:29; 19:32-36; 1 Peter 1:19; Galatians 4:4, 5). The appearance of Jerusalem on the occasion of the Passover in the time of our Lord is thus fittingly described- "The city itself and the neighbourhood became more and more crowded as the feast approached, the narrow streets and dark arched bazaars showing the same throng of men of all nations as when Jesus had first visited Jerusalem as a boy. Even the temple offered a strange sight at this season, for in parts of the outer courts a wide space was covered with pens for sheep, goats, and cattle to be used for offerings. Sellers shouted the merits of their beasts, sheep bleated, oxen lowed. Sellers of doves also had a place set apart for them. Potters offered a choice from huge stacks of clay dishes and ovens for roasting and eating the Passover lamb. Booths for wine, oil, salt, and all else needed for sacrifices invited customers. Persons going to and from the city shortened their journey by crossing the temple grounds, often carrying burdens...Stalls to change foreign money into the shekel of the temple, which alone could be paid to the priests, were numerous, the whole confusion making the sanctuary like a noisy market" (Geikie's Life of Christ).

Naves Topical Index

Institution of
Exodus 12:3-49; Exodus 23:15-18; Exodus 34:18; Leviticus 23:4-8; Numbers 9:2-5; Numbers 9:13-14; Numbers 28:16-25; Deuteronomy 16:1-8; Deuteronomy 16:16; Psalms 81:3; Psalms 81:5

Design of
Exodus 12:21-28

Special Passover, for those who were unclean, or on journey, to be held in second month
Numbers 9:6-12; 2 Chronicles 30:2-4

Lamb killed by Levites, for those who were ceremonially unclean
2 Chronicles 30:17; 2 Chronicles 35:3-11; Ezra 6:20

Strangers authorized to celebrate
Exodus 12:48-49; Numbers 9:14


At place designated by God
Deuteronomy 16:5-7

With unleavened bread
Exodus 12:8; Exodus 12:15-20; Exodus 13:3; Exodus 13:6; Exodus 23:15; Leviticus 23:6; Numbers 9:11; Numbers 28:17; Deuteronomy 16:3-4; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7; Acts 12:3; 1 Corinthians 5:8

Penalty for neglecting to observe
Numbers 9:13

Reinstituted by Ezekiel
Ezekiel 45:21-24

Observation of:

Renewed by the Israelites on entering Canaan
Joshua 5:10-11

By Hezekiah
2 Chronicles 30:1

By Josiah
2 Kings 23:22-23; 2 Chronicles 35:1; 2 Chronicles 35:18

After return from captivity
Ezra 6:19-20

By Jesus
Matthew 26:17-20; Luke 22:15; John 2:13; John 2:23; John 43:13

Jesus in the temple at time of
Luke 2:41-50

Jesus crucified at time of
Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1-2; John 18:28

The lamb of, a type of Christ
1 Corinthians 5:7

Lord's supper ordained at
Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20

Prisoner released at, by the Romans
Matthew 27:15; Mark 15:6; Luke 23:16-17; John 18:39

Peter imprisoned at time of
Acts 12:3

Christ called our Passover
1 Corinthians 5:7

Smith's Bible Dictionary

the first of the three great annual festivals of the Isr'lites celebrated in the month Nisan (March-April, from the 14th to the 21st. (Strictly speaking the Passover only applied to the paschal supper and the feast of unleavened bread followed, which was celebrated to the 21st.) (For the corresponding dates in our month, see Jewish calendar at the end of this volume.) The following are the principal passages in the Pentateuch relating to the Passover: (Exodus 12:1-51; 13:3-10; 23:14-19; 34:18-26; Leviticus 23:4-14; Numbers 9:1-14; 28:16-25; 16:1-6) Why instituted .

This feast was instituted by God to commemorate the deliverance of the Isr'lites from Egyptian bondage and the sparing of their firstborn when the destroying angel smote the first-born of the Egyptians. The deliverance from Egypt was regarded as the starting-point of the Hebrew nation. The Isr'lites were then raised from the condition of bondmen under a foreign tyrant to that of a free people owing allegiance to no one but Jehovah. The prophet in a later age spoke of the event as a creation and a redemption of the nation. God declares himself to be "the Creator of Isr'l." The Exodus was thus looked upon as the birth of the nation; the Passover was its annual birthday feast. It was the yearly memorial of the dedication of the people to him who had saved their first-born from the destroyer, in order that they might be made holy to himself. First celebration of the Passover .

On the tenth day of the month, the head of each family was to select from the flock either a lamb or a kid, a male of the first year, without blemish. If his family was too small to eat the whole of the lamb, he was permitted to invite his nearest neighbor to join the party. On the fourteenth day of the month he was to kill his lamb, while the sun was setting. He was then to take blood in a basin and with a sprig of hyssop to sprinkle it on the two side-posts and the lintel of the door of the house. The lamb was then thoroughly roasted, whole. It was expressly forbidden that it should be boiled, or that a bone of it should be broken. Unleavened bread and bitter herbs were to be eaten with the flesh. No male who was uncircumcised was to join the company. Each one was to have his loins girt, to hold a staff in his hand, and to have shoes on his feet. He was to eat in haste, and it would seem that he was to stand during the meal. The number of the party was to be calculated as nearly as possible, so that all the flesh of the lamb might be eaten; but if any portion of it happened to remain, it was to be burned in the morning. No morsel of it was to be carried out of the house. The lambs were selected, on the fourteenth they were slain and the blood sprinkled, and in the following evening, after the fifteenth day of the had commenced the first paschal meal was eaten. At midnight the firstborn of the Egyptians were smitten. The king and his people were now urgent that the Isr'lites should start immediately, and readily bestowed on them supplies for the journey. In such haste did the Isr'lites depart, on that very day, (Numbers 33:3) that they packed up their kneading troughs containing the dough prepared for the morrow's provisions, which was not yet leavened. Observance of the Passover in later times .

As the original institution of the Passover in Egypt preceded the establishment of the priesthood and the regulation of the service of the tabernacle. It necessarily fell short in several particulars of the observance of the festival according to the fully-developed ceremonial law. The head of the family slew the lamb in his own house, not in the holy place; the blood was sprinkled on the doorway, not on the altar. But when the law was perfected, certain particulars were altered in order to assimilate the Passover to the accustomed order of religious service. In the twelfth and thirteenth chapters of Exodus there are not only distinct references to the observance of the festival in future ages (e.g.) (Exodus 12:2,14,17,24-27,42; 13:2,5,8-10) but there are several injunctions which were evidently not intended for the first Passover, and which indeed could not possibly have been observed. Besides the private family festival, there were public and national sacrifices offered each of the seven days of unleavened bread. (Numbers 28:19) On the second day also the first-fruits of the barley harvest were offered in the temple. (Leviticus 23:10) In the latter notices of the festival in the books of the law there are particulars added which appear as modifications of the original institution. (Leviticus 23:10-14; Numbers 28:16-25; 16:1-6) Hence it is not without reason that the Jewish writers have laid great stress on the distinction between "the Egyptian Passover" and "the perpetual Passover." Mode and order of the paschal meal .

All work except that belonging to a few trades connected with daily life was suspended for some hours before the evening of the 14th Nisan. It was not lawful to eat any ordinary food after midday. No male was admitted to the table unless he was circumcised, even if he were of the seed of Isr'l. (Exodus 12:48) It was customary for the number of a party to be not less than ten. When the meal was prepared, the family was placed round the table, the paterfamilias taking a place of honor, probably somewhat raised above the rest. When the party was arranged the first cup of wine was filled, and a blessing was asked by the head of the family on the feast, as well as a special, one on the cup. The bitter herbs were then placed on the table, and a portion of them eaten, either with Or without the sauce. The unleavened bread was handed round next and afterward the lamb was placed on the table in front of the head of the family. The paschal lamb could be legally slain and the blood and fat offered only in the national sanctuary. (16:2) Before the lamb was eaten the second cup of wine was filled, and the son, in accordance with (Exodus 12:26) asked his father the meaning of the feast. In reply, an account was given of the sufferings of the Isr'lites in Egypt and of their deliverance, with a particular explanation of (26:5) and the first part of the Hallel (a contraction from Hallelujah), Psalms 113, 114, was sung. This being gone through, the lamb was carved and eaten. The third cup of wine was poured out and drunk, and soon afterward the fourth. The second part of the Hallel, Psalms 115 to 118 was then sung. A fifth wine-cup appears to have been occasionally produced, But perhaps only in later times. What was termed the greater Hallel, Psalms 120 to 138 was sung on such occasions. The Isr'lites who lived in the country appear to have been accommodated at the feast by the inhabitants of Jerusalem in their houses, so far its there was room for them. (Matthew 26:18; Luke 22:10-12) Those who could not be received into the city encamped without the walls in tents as the pilgrims now do at Mecca. The Passover as a type .

The Passover was not only commemorative but also typical. "The deliverance which it commemorated was a type of the great salvation it foretold."

No other shadow of things to come contained in the law can vie with the festival of the Passover in expressiveness and completeness. (1) The paschal lamb must of course be regarded as the leading feature in the ceremonial of the festival. The lamb slain typified Christ the "Lamb of God." slain for the sins of the world. Christ "our Passover is sacrificed for us." (1 Corinthians 5:7) According to the divine purpose, the true Lamb of God was slain at nearly the same time as "the Lord's Passover" at the same season of the year; and at the same time of the day as the daily sacrifice at the temple, the crucifixion beginning at the hour of the morning sacrifice and ending at the hour of the evening sacrifice. That the lamb was to be roasted and not boiled has been supposed to commemorate the haste of the departure of the Isr'lites. It is not difficult to determine the reason of the command "not a bone of him shall be broken." The lamb was to be a symbol of unity

the unity of the family, the unity of the nation, the unity of God with his people whom he had taken into covenant with himself. (2) The unleavened bread ranks next in importance to the paschal lamb. We are warranted in concluding that unleavened bread had a peculiar sacrificial character, according to the law. It seems more reasonable to accept St, Paul's reference to the subject, (1 Corinthians 5:6-8) as furnishing the true meaning of the symbol. Fermentation is decomposition, a dissolution of unity. The pure dry biscuit would be an apt emblem of unchanged duration, and, in its freedom from foreign mixture, of purity also. (3) The offering of the omer or first sheaf of the harvest, (Leviticus 23:10-14) signified deliverance from winter the bondage of Egypt being well considered as a winter in the history of the nation. (4) The consecration of the first-fruits, the firstborn of the soil, is an easy type of the consecration of the first born of the Isr'lites, and of our own best selves, to God. Further than this (1) the Passover is a type of deliverance from the slavery of sin. (2) It is the passing over of the doom we deserve for your sins, because the blood of Christ has been applied to us by faith. (3) The sprinkling of the blood upon the door-posts was a symbol of open confession of our allegiance and love. (4) The Passover was useless unless eaten; so we live upon the Lord Jesus Christ. (5) It was eaten with bitter herbs, as we must eat our passover with the bitter herbs of repentance and confession, which yet, like the bitter herbs of the Passover, are a fitting and natural accompaniment. (6) As the Isr'lites ate the Passover all prepared for the journey, so do we with a readiness and desire to enter the active service of Christ, and to go on the journey toward heaven.


Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASSOVER, noun [pass and over.] A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the providential escape of the Hebrews, in Egypt, when God smiting the first-born of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites, which were marked with the blood of the paschal lamb.

1. The sacrifice offered at the feast of the passover

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

P'ASS-PARO'LE, noun [pass and parole.] In military affairs, a command given at the head of an army and communicated by word of mouth to the rear.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary


1. A written license from a king or other proper authority, granting permission or safe conduct for one to pass through his territories, or to pass from one country to another, or to navigate a particular sea without hindrance or molestation.

2. A license for importing or exporting contraband goods or movables without paying the usual duties.

3. That which enables one to pass with safety or certainty.

His passport is his innocence and grace.

Naves Topical Index

Given to Nehemiah.
Nehemiah 2:7-9

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

PAS'SY-MEASURE, noun An old stately kind of dance; a cinque-pace.

P'AST, participle passive of pass. Gone by or beyond; not present; not future.

1. Spent; ended; accomplished.

P'AST, noun Elliptically, past time; as indemnity for the past.

P'AST, preposition Beyond in time. Hebrews 11:1.

1. Having lost; not possessing; as, he was past sense of feeling.

2. Beyond; out of reach of; as, he was past cure or help.

Love, when once past government, is consequently past shame.

3. Beyond; further than; as past the boundary.

4. Above; more than.

The northern Irish Scots have bows not past three quarters of a yard long. [Not now used.]

5. After; beyond in time. The company assembled at half past seven, that is, at half an hour after seven.